Intro to Digital Journalism

Many animals are currently gracing the world whether it is huge wildlife cats to high climbing monkeys or slow moving elephants to an exotic icy polar bear. In this case however, we look at animals which have been gathered together in one place and are publicly shown to viewers around the world.

Around 1,000,000 visit Tropical World each year and it has since been known as one of the most popular tourist attractions in the UK. Not only does it include its beautiful supply of exotic animals from around the world, but it also includes unusual landscapes, and plant life.

A lot of the animals which belong in tropical world are those which aren’t rarely seen in the UK, this is therefore a great place to bring them together, here we look at the origins and most popular places to find each of the animals pictured below…

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1. The Deadly Tarantula

Originates from Southern Europe, there are 900 species identified belonging to the family ‘Theraphosidae’. Most tarantulas hunt for other insects where as others are known for dangerously poisoning humans with their striking, deadly and very harmful venom from there vicious bite.

2. The Scurrying Mouse

Originates from Iran and Turkestan after living in rocky crevices, the most common mouse is a house mouse, these become attracted to homes due to smell and also if there are open passages to get into the warmth. The mouse is a small mammal also classing into the order of rodents.

3. The Pacu

Originates from Brazil and India, it is a relative of the dangerous Piranha but isn’t quite so deadly as its teeth are less sharp and more square based. When full grown, the Pacu can reach a far greater size than its relative, reaching up to a whopping 30kg in weight. They are now most likely to be found in Amazon rivers.

4. The Lazy Terrapins

Originates from Texas and South Africa, they are most likely found under water in fresh or brackish water. A lot of the turtles live close to the coast and are known as one of the largest ranges of turtles in North America. The name ‘Diamond Back Turtle’ is specified because of their patterned shells.

5. The not so scary Bearded Dragon

Originates from small regions from Australia and are most likely kept in smaller places such as zoos and also kept as pets. They grow to around 2 feet in length overall. They are also very similar to the chameleon as they can change their colours, but mostly towards heat and temperature.

6. The Hissing Snake

Originates from lizards, snakes are known to be basically reptiles without legs, or in other worlds ‘legless lizards’. Their skulls however are very different to lizards, as they have many more joints so that they are able to swallow their pray with their more mobile jaws.

7. The Cute Degu

Originates from central Chili, it is also sometimes known as a brush-tailed rat. Other species which relate to it are things such as other Degus, Guinea Pigs and chinchillas. They live in groups so that they are able to construct bigger burrows together forming activities such as digging chains.

8. The Crowned Hornbill

Originates from South East Asia, some of them also come from Africa, and are around 50cm in length. You are most likely to find them hidden in trees where they are always on the hunt for prey so that they can feed their offspring things such as small rodents as well as fruit and seeds.

9. Timone Without The Pumba

Originates from the Kalahari deserts in South Africa. Meerkats also come from the mongoose family, and a group is known as a mob. A clan contains around 20 meerkats and live for around 14 years. Meerkats aren’t known for pets and most likely live in the wild, they are very vicious and can bite.

10. The Gold Tamarin Monkey

Originates from the coastal forests of Brazil and is a member of the Callitrichidae family. It is an endangered species, there is estimated to be around 1,000 left living and known to be exactly 490 individuals. They live around 300m above sea level and found in hilltop and swamp forests.


Sports fans go crazy as the traditional name of St. James’ Park is newly named Sports Direct Arena after manager Mike Ashley’s company.

Newcastle United fans have a shock new name for their traditional football ground as Mike Ashley, the manager of the club decides to sponsor the club and change the whole name of the ground.

Many claims have been made that Mike Ashley doesn’t really care about the actual club and that he is only doing it for publicity for his company and to make profit.

‘Its appalling that he can do that after not even being with us for that long’ cried one angry fan as the whole thing was taking place. ‘The man is just a complete psycho!’

The newly named 'Sports Direct Arena'

The club put forward rights to sponsors, this going through in 2009, but that has now been replaced with full naming rights for whichever company decides to be chosen.

Ashley states that he is only being a temporary sponsor. This being until someone else becomes interested and will then again be renaming the club.

“To grow sustainably and allow us to invest in our future, we will need to rely increasingly heavily on commercial income.” Llambias stated back in 2009.

It has been known for grounds to ask for support from companies so that they have the funding, but never  has it been known for football grounds to change their full name to the company which is supporting them.

The club is to get its old naming rights back in summer 2012, but this only lasting for one week for its participation in the Olympic games.

Olympics chief Lord Coe recently said “It is St. James’ Park for the Olympics and, if I am being honest, as a football fan, it will always be St. James’ Park for as long as I am watching football.” This stating that even he isn’t a fan of the change of name.

Many angry fans are definitely not happy with the name change and believe it is going against everything and a disgrace to the club.

Many have even brought Sir Bobby Robson into this and said that it is going against all that he had done for the club and also explaining that if he was still manager, nothing even in the slightest related to this would have occurred.

St. James’ Park has been known as this for as long as I and many others do remember and would always go down in History for its name, so therefore the change has managed to make it look weaker.

Mike Ashley since managing Newcastle United in 2007 hasn’t managed to do himself justice and in a lot of peoples minds is  an embarrassment and should be ashamed to what he has done to the club.

Groups such as these on social networking sites such as Facebook are also causing fans to go wild and show their fury about the club, many even starting petitions to try and ban the name as well as many furious groups towards manger himself Mike Ashley:

Fans showing their support for the old name of the historical football ground

Even fans have managed to graffiti their opinions around the stadium, showcasing what they believe to think of the new stadium, hoping and praying that one day, the original and historical name of the club will again be used and not demolished by names which aren’t ever going to even ever compare.

119 years of history of the club have basically just been ruined by a manager which seems only to be praising himself and not really being interested in the club at all.

Re-branding stadium names always does sound like a good idea, especially if it is going to boost the clubs status, whether it is affording more players and to keep the club running which will therefore push them higher to the top of leagues… but there is a point between re-branding and overtaking which should never be crossed.

Ashley and Llambias say it is in best interest for the club, but I believe that many angry fans may beg to differ on this one.

Time will tell if the name change really is for the club and to roll in the money or whether it really is Ashley himself trying to boost his own status as well as his, which should be now, hugely profiting company.

For my article, I am looking at the name change of the famous football ground in Newcastle which was always known as ‘St. James’ Park’ and has currently been changed to ‘Sports Direct Arena @ St. James’ Park’. I wanted to collect photos which related to this, I took a visit to the stadium to see how quickly changes had been made, and to also look if I could see any contributions to the stadium from the fans which makes me look at their opinions and see if they are happy or unhappy with the name change. I enjoyed looking around the stadium to see how things had moved on and also whilst I was there, I managed to interview a couple of people from around the area to give me their views. This helped me a lot on my communication skills with the public as I was able to find out information quickly but still managed to find out big details. I believe I picked a good subject to base my article around.


Interviewing Questions asked:


Are you a fan of Newcastle United?

What do you think of the name change?

As far as Mike Ashley (manager) is concerned, do you believe he is in it for the football or making profit for his company (Sports Direct)?

Do you think this will effect sales to his company?

Will this collect more publicity to the club?

I have spent a lot of this time planning my ideas for my work, this including spider diagrams and word plans to enhance my thinking of the assignments we have been set. I managed to complete my essay on ‘What makes a good Photojournalist?’ this was after making a draft copy, having it looked at to realize that I should go deeper into my thinking and research. I then looked at books and websites which gave me a better insight into the life of a photojournalist and soon found out that a lot of work is needed as well as the ethics point of view and how people relate to photographs being published. I also managed to take photographs for one of the themes of my Photography assignment, so this enabled me to work on the start of my portfolio as well as my journal so I could keep myself up to date. For my assignment for Digital Journalism, I started to plan my list article on the photographs which I had taken at tropical world, looking at different types of animals and their habitats, I believe this was quite an interesting topic and also very informing to the viewer.

Secondary source – an article/document that is used as a source for another article. (Quotes, blogs, social media, books, film)
Primary source – your own research

Secondary sources can be used –
*as the basis for a story (acknowledged by the source)
*as a springboard for an opinion piece (review the material)
*as a source of quotes (interview)

Rules –
*respect copyright/fair dealing
*attribute sources correctly
*link back to original source (online)
*don’t rewrite quotes or take out of context

Equipment for journalism –
*learn shorthand/record interviews. (on the phone or face to face)
*use a computer – Skype/Audacity
*digital dictaphone
*phone recorder

Tips to use the equipment –
*test the equipment to make sure its working
*check that you are recording properly throughout
*position the mic so you can hear the answers over questions
*choose a quiet location
*when using Skype, shut any other application using bandwidth

Preparation –
*do research in advance (find out about the subject)
*six basics (Who, What, When, Where, Why, How)
*avoid asking questions which you can verify elsewhere
*get THEIR story, opinions and feelings
*you can give the interviewee questions in advance but would get prepared answers
*don’t go on for too long. (20-30 mins)

Technique tips –
*be natural and conversational
*be respectful and polite
*listen (pick up threads)
*ask the most important question first
*if asked by the interviewee if they can see your copy before publication, politely decline.

Using the interview –
*Q and A
*Inline (quotes being used in the volume of the text)
*Block quotes

I decided to look at some of the best British newcomers in music of 2010, there were many UK talents to choose from so I limited to 3 which are some of my personal preferences. These being Ellie Goulding, Adele and Two Door Cinema Club.

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I believed that creating this presentation made the work I created look more neat and presentable rather than it all being spread out, several pieces of information can be included together and people can read something so easily. I think this is an easy approach to blogging and using small slideshows to show information is definitely a plus point.

(Digital Journalism) I managed to work on my planning for the assignment and wanted to focus on a sporting event, this being St. James’ Park changing to Sports Direct Arena. I wanted to take photos as well as being able to show the opinions behind it as there is much controversy which would be very interesting to look at between the fans, players and owners of the club. The planning enabled me to find out information which would help me with my article as well as giving me facts which could give me ideas and help me to find out smaller pieces of information and opinions of my own.

(Intro to Photography) From what I learnt about hearing about the different types of lenses, I already have some which would come in very handy, most of these being zoom lenses so I able to focus more on the subject in which I was taking. Fish eye, wide angle, telephoto, macro and prime are all major lenses which can make a photo more professional. I believe hearing about these will inspire me to use each so that I can take photos and use new techniques to enhance my ability.