Script for 1960’s Presentation

Introduction

THE SIXTIES, OR SHOULD WE SAY, SWINGING SIXTIES WERE THE AGE OF YOUTH. DRASTIC CHANGES CAME FROM THE FIFTIES AND THE SIXTIES WAS SOON TO BE SEEN AS A NEW CULTURAL REVOLUTION. THINGS AFFECTED WERE THOSE SUCH AS IMAGE, VALUES, LIFESTYLE AND ENTERTAINMENT. EVEN TO THIS DAY, THE SIXTIES ARE STILL EVOLVING OUR LIVES…

Music

MUSIC HAD A MASSIVE INFLUENCE ON THE SHAPING OF THE SIXTIES, ESPECIALLY BANDS. BANDS SUCH AS THE BEATLES… BUDDY HOLLY… AND THE FOUNDATIONS. SOLO ARTISTS SUCH AS CLIFF RICHARD… AND NEIL DIAMOND ALSO MADE AN IMPACT.

Fashion

FASHION BROKE MANY RULES IN THE SIXTIES. MARY QUANT INVENTED THE MINI SKIRT, BIKINIS BECAME MORE POPULAR AND PVC WAS WORN. THE SIXTIES SAW BATTLES BETWEENS MODS AND ROCKERS. THE HIPPIE FAD ALSO CAME TO LIFE AT THE END OF THE DECADE. FASHION ICONS SUCH AS AUDEREY HEPBURN AND BABE PALEY WERE LOOKED UPTO AS WELL AS MODELS SUCH AS TWIGGY AND PENELOPE TREE BECOMING VERY FAMOUS.

Famous Brands
A LOT OF BRANDS IN THE SIXTIES ARE STILL WITH US HERE TODAY. CAMPBELL’S SOUP WAS VERY POPULAR ALONG WITH MINUTE MAID, COCA-COLA AND PERSIL.

Film

THE SIXTIES IS MOSTLY FAMOUS FOR HISTORICAL DRAMA, PSYCHOLOGICAL HORROR AND COMEDY. FILMS MADE IN THE SIXTIES WHICH ARE ALSO STILL FAMOUS TO THIS DAY ARE THOSE SUCH AS… MARY POPPINS, THE SOUND OF MUSIC AND BREAKFAST AND TIFFANY’S.

ART MOVEMENTS

THERE WERE 3 MAIN TYPES OF ART; THOSE WERE POP ART, FLUXUS AND MINIMALISM. POP ART IS PRODUCED WITH SILK-SCREENING AND PRODUCING CHANGES TO ALREADY MADE PRODUCTS AND MAKING THEM UNIQUE. MINIMALISM WAS CREATIONS OF ABSTRACT THAT DEFINED THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPACE AND SCALE AND WAS BASED ON MATERIALS AND SPACE. FLUXUS PRODUCED COMMERCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL ART INCLUDING BOOKS, BOXES AND POSTERS.

World Events

THE BERLIN WALL WAS CREATED IN THE EARLY SIXTIES TO KEEP WEST BERLIN AWAY FROM EAST BERLIN AND GERMANY, IT WAS ALSO QUICKLY TO BE NAMED THE DEATH STRIP BUT WANTED TO CREATE A SOCIABLE COUNTRY IN THE EAST. THERE WAS THE LAUNCH OF THE FIRST MAN IN SPACE IN APRIL 1961, ANDY WARHOL RELEASED HIS CAMPBELL’S SOUP CAN IN, MARILYN MONROES DEATH CAUSED A HUGE CONSPIRACY AS WELL AS JOHN F. KENNEDY’S ASSASSINATION. NELSON MANDELA WAS SERVED TO LIFE IN PRISON, US TROOPS WERE SENT TO THE VIETNAM WAR, THE NORTHEAST BLACK OUT IN 1965 TOOK PLACE, A MAN SET FOOT ON THE MOON AND THE FIRST EVER HEART TRANSPLANT TOOK PLACE AND WAS SUCCESSFUL.

Vietnam War

THE VIETNAM WAR LASTED FOR ALMOST 20 YEARS, IT OCCURRED IN VIETNAM ITSELF AS WELL AS LAOS AND CAMBODIA. THE WAR WAS BETWEEN NORTH VIETNAM AND THEIR COMMUNIST ALLIES AND SOUTH VIETNAM AND THEIR ANTI-COMMUNIST ALLIES SUCH AS THE USA. THE VIET CONG FOUGHT A GUERRILLA WAR WHERE AS THE PEOPLE’S ARMY USED AIRSTRIKES AND SEARCH AND DESTROY. US TROOPS WERE DEPLOYED INTO VIETNAM IN 1965. THE WAR WAS TO STOP VIETNAM BECOMING A COMMUNIST COUNTRY AND STOP THE SPREAD THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE OF SOUTH EAST ASIA. THERE WASN’T A WINNER TO THE WAR BUT THE USA BACKED OUT DUE TO REALISATION THERE WAS NO WAY TO WIN, SO THIS THEREFORE LED VIETNAM TO UNITE UNDER ONE GOVERNMENT.

Swinging London

LONDON WAS KNOWN AS THE MOST ‘HIP’ AND ‘COOL’ CITY IN THE SIXTIES, IT STARTED A CULTURAL REVOLUTION AND A NEW FASHION EXTREME FOR THE NEW AND MODERN. MORE PEOPLE HAD MORE MONEY WHICH THEY WERE ABLE TO SPEND AFTER THE AUSTERITY PERIOD AND DUE TO 25% OF THE POPULARITY BEING UNDER THE AGE OF 25, INSTEAD OF GOING BY THE RULES THEY WANTED TO SHAKE THINGS UP AND GO AGAINST THE RULES. THIS CHANGED VIEWS ON LIFE EVEN UP UNTIL NOW.

Photographers

MANY PHOTOGRAPHERS MADE AN IMPACT IN THE SIXTIES, ONE OF THESE BEING BARRY LATEGAN WHO PRODUCED SET UP PORTRAITS, MOSTLY OF MODEL TWIGGY. EDWARD RUSCHA WAS FAMOUS FOR HIS CAPTURING HUMAN PRESENCE WITHIN ENVIRONMENT. STEPHEN SHORE IS WELL KNOWN FOR HIS USE OF COLOUR WITHIN IMAGES AND HAS A SOLO EXHIBITION IN THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. TONY RAY-JONES WAS AN ENGLISH PHOTOGRAPHER WHO TOOK PICTURES OF FESTIVALS AND TRANSFORMED THEM INTO HUMOUR. RICHARD AVEDON WAS FAMOUS FOR PORTRAITS ALONG WITH DAVID BAILEY WHO LIKE MANY, PHOTOGRAPHED FOR VOGUE AND BAZZAR MAGAZINE.

Artists

FOLLOWING ON FROM THE FIFTIES, ART IN THE SIXTIES WAS INFLUENCED BY MODERN AGE AND THE FUTURE. THIS IS WHERE THE ‘SPACE AGE’ SEEMED TO FORECAST. ALEXANDER CALDER AND HELEN FRANKENTHALER ESCAPED FROM DETAILS. ARTISTS WANTED TO INSPIRE THE VIEWER AND LEAP INTO THE UNKNOWN TO PRODUCE NEW THINGS THAT NO ONE HAD EVER SEEN BEFORE. ANDY WARHOL WAS NEW ONTO THE SEEN AND BECAME THE LEADING NAME IN POP ART. ART SUCH AS OP ART, KINETIC ABSTRACTION, ENVIRONMENTAL ART AND ASSEMBLAGE ART WERE ALL POPULAR AT THE TIME.

Andy Warhol

ANDY WARHOL WAS A FAMOUS US PAINTER, FILM-MAKER, AUTHOR AND ONE OF THE BIGGEST INFLUENCES ON THE POP ART INDUSTRY. HE WAS ORIGINALLY FROM THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC, BUT GREW UP IN THE USA. HE STUDIED AT THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND WORKED AS A COMMERCIAL ARTIST AND DESIGNED FOR MAGAZINES AND WINDOW DISPLAYS. HE EXPERIMENTED WITH ADVERTISEMENTS, MASS PRODUCED IMAGES AND SIXTIES ICONS AND TRANSFORMED THEM IN A UNIQUE WAY BY USING SILK-SCREENING AND PRODUCING REPETATIVE IMAGES EXTREMELY QUICKLY. POP ART WAS MOST FAMOUS IN THE SIXTIES AND ANDY WARHOL STARTED A NEW REVOLUTION WITH HIS POP ART AND TO THIS DAY IS STILL LOOKED UPON GREATLY TO THE PUBLIC.

Richard Avedon

RICHARD AVEDON WAS POSSIBLY THE SIXTIES MOST FAMOUS PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHER. HIS IMAGES SHAPED THE VIEWS OF AMERICA’S IMAGE, STYLE AND BEAUTY FOR THE FINAL HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY. HE CAPTURED FREEDOM IN HIS PHOTOGRAPHS AND SHOWED TRANSOFRMATION OF FASHION. HE WAS KNOWN THROUGHOUT THE WORLD BUT SPENT MOST OF HIS TIME IN HIS STUDIO AND THEN HE COULD HAVE CONTROL OVER EVERYTHING HE PRODUCED. AVEDON WAS KNOWN FOR BEING ONE OF THE MAIN PHOTOGRAPHERS FOR VOGUE AND BAZAAR MAGAZINES AND A LOT OF HIS WORK IS STILL EXHIBITED TO THIS DAY. HIS PORTRAITS INCLUDED THOSE FAMOUS SUCH AS MARILYN MONROE, KATE MOSS AND CHARLIE CHAPLIN AND HE ALSO PHOTOGRAPHED THOSE OF THE PUBLIC.

 Compare and Contrast

THE OBVIOUS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANDY WARHOL AND RICHARD AVEDON IS SIMPLY THAT ONE IS AN ARTIST… AND ONE IS A PHOTOGRAPHER. HOWEVER, THEIR WORK HAS MANY SIMILARITIES, THOSE ARE THAT FROM LOOKING AT CERTAIN INTERVIEWS, THEY BOTH PRODUCED THEIR WORK HOPING THAT THEY WOULD MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN THE WORLD AND ALSO TO TRANSFORM THE SIXTIES AND FOR DECADES AFTER. BOTH WARHOL AND AVEDON FOCUSED ON FAMOUS FACES AND USED THIS TO THEIR ADVANTAGE WHETHER IT WAS CAPTURING EMOTION OR BRINGING COLOUR INTO A SIMPLE IMAGE TO MAKE IT UNIQUE AND SOMETHING UNUSUAL. AVEDON TENDS TO BE MORE CONTROLLED IN HIS WORK AND TRY AND BRING PEOPLE TO LIFE AND PUT A STORY BEHIND THEM, WHERE AS WARHOL TRIES TO MAKE IMAGES WHICH AVEDON PRODUCES INTO SOMETHING NEW AND PUTS HIS OWN SPIN ON THINGS. EACH PHOTOGRAPH WHICH AVEDON HAS TAKEN SHOWS SO MUCH ENERGY AND FROM LOOKING AT THIS WE SEE AN ABSOLUTELY OUTSTANDING PHOTOGRAPHER AND FROM LOOKING AT WARHOL’S WORK, WE SEE SOMEONE WHO HAS CREATED A LONG TERM MEMORY FROM THE WORK PRODUCED.


 

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